- Children adapt to their environment. This is a desire that sparks their curiosity.
- In the concrete operational stage, children learn about conservation.
- Vygotsky felt that social interaction provided the foundation for cognitive development.
- Everyone learns by building on previous experiences. This is known as scaffolding.
- Positive and negative reinforcement both increase behavior. However, positive reinforcement increases behavior by adding a stimulus, and negative reinforcement increases behavior by removing a stimulus.
- In operant conditioning the manipulator uses a stimulus to create a desired response.
- Information must first go into the short-term memory before it can be “filed” in the long-term memory. There is only about twenty seconds in which this process occurs.
- If a teacher gives students a review for an exam, they tend to do better on tests than if none is given. The review gives them “specific strategies for learning.”